The market needs high-end machine tool products The vast majority of China's imported machine tools are metal processing machine tools, and its imports account for 91.82% of all imported machine tool products. It can be seen from the import structure structure of China's metal processing machine tools in 2013 that the number of machine tool imports and amount Both declined, falling by 30.54% and 24.27%, respectively, but the unit price increased by 9.03%. Among them, although the import volume and amount of processing centers decreased by 58.34% and 40.14%, respectively, the unit price rose sharply by 43.69%. This reflects China's The market demand structure is continuously optimized and the demand for mid- to high-end machine tool products is increasing. On the other hand, it can be seen that the high-end machine tool products produced in China are still not effective in terms of product quality, technical indicators, technological level, and user services. satisfy customer needs. In this regard, China's machine tool manufacturing companies are enhancing their independent research and development capabilities, improving their own product service levels and competitiveness, and striving to meet growing domestic and international customers by introducing and learning from international advanced and core machine tool design, manufacturing concepts and technologies. demand. China's woodworking machine tools (non-metal processing machine tools) have a relatively high level of manufacturing, so the import volume is relatively small. The amount and amount of machine tools imported from Africa and Mexico, although their bases are relatively small, have increased by a large margin. From the perspective of market and country, the structure of China's machine tool import market is still dominated by Asia and Europe. The import value of machine tools for these two continents is US$ 10.372 billion, accounting for 94.28% of the total. In Germany, Japan, China Taiwan, and South Korea, which have mastered core technologies, the import value of these four countries and regions was US$ 8.208 billion, accounting for 74.60% of the total imports. The pattern of import trade is relatively stable. From the point of view of trade, imports are still general. Mainly in terms of trade, imports accounted for 70.97% of the amount and amount of imports fell year-on-year, but the unit price of imports increased by 16%. The main provinces and cities for machine tool imports are still Jiangsu, Guangdong and Shanghai. Its import volume was 4.384 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 39.85 percent of the total machine tool imports, which was slightly lower than the 44 percent in 2012.
The technological innovation of machine tool products continued to increase investment in the machine tool industry during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period. The Ministry of Commerce formulated the “Twelfth Five-Year Development Plan for the Import and Export of Electromechanical and Hi-tech Products”, which clarified the development goals and promoted the development of electromechanical products. At the same time, it has improved the "Guide to International Certification of Export Machinery and Electronic Products", effectively reducing the impact of foreign technical trade measures on China's exports of mechanical and electrical products, and has successively introduced a series of policies and measures to promote stable growth of foreign trade and optimize the structure of foreign trade, including accelerating export tax rebates. Progress, improvement of trade financing services, expansion of export credit insurance (surveillance of security) coverage, improvement of trade facilitation, reduction of import and export charges, and import interest subsidy measures have ensured steady growth in the import and export of machine tools.
In 2012, the demand for high-end products and professional machine tools was strong, and the demand for ordinary machine tools gradually declined. Under the dual promotion of the national policy and the upgrading of market demand structure, the entire industry has increased technological innovation and the product structure has been significantly optimized, which is one of the reasons for the relatively rapid growth of exports in 2013. “The industry as a whole is still in a downward range and has not stabilized. In the first 10 months of 2013, all major operating data such as production, sales volume and new orders for the machine tool industry have been negatively negative, but the rate of decline has slowed compared to the same period of last year.” From China Chen Huiren, executive vice chairman of the Machine Tool Industry Association, said when talking about the status of the industry. The demand structure continues to upgrade When it comes to market changes, Chen Huiren cited multiple import and export data. In the first three quarters of this year, the number of machine tool products imported fell by 25%, while the average single machine price of imported machine tools increased by 24%, reflecting the upgrading of the domestic machine tool market. Analysis of the origin of imported products can also reach this conclusion. Europe, the United States, Japan, South Korea, and the Taiwan region of China are the major sources of China's machine tool imports. Products in these regions account for more than 95% of China's total machine tool imports. Since 2013, products in different regions have begun to differentiate in the Chinese market. Among them, Europe and the United States, represented by Germany and Italy, have the most outstanding performance, achieving an upward trend of 10%; Japan's decline is the most dramatic, reaching more than half; while South Korea and Taiwan have fallen by 20%. As a high-end product, Taiwan and South Korea are competitive in the low-end market. Both of these have risen and fallen, and we can see the changes in market demand. If you go further and analyze from the domestic import regions, this view will be further evidenced. The top three domestic machine tool imports are Jiangsu, Shanghai and Guangdong. In the first three quarters of this year, Jiangsu's machine tool imports fell by 20%, Guangdong Province decreased by 30%, and Shanghai increased by 4%. The manufacturing industries in these three regions have their own characteristics. Among them, Shanghai's high-end manufacturing industry is the most developed, The demand is also relatively strong, and high-end manufacturing is naturally high-end machine tools. These data show that the domestic machine tool market demand has undergone a significant change, the total demand decreased, while the demand structure upgrade.
The overall market size has shrunk, and the industry's industrial structure, product structure, and market demand have not effectively eased the contradiction. In the first three quarters, corporate profits have continued to decline, and market competition has become increasingly fierce. Under the circumstance of weak global economic recovery, the downward trend in export growth has not yet improved significantly. At the same time, the long-term growth of imports has also dropped sharply, further confirming the overall shrinking market size.